生物塑料一未來環境的希望

Bioplasics---Hope for the future

What is Bioplastics?

什么是生物材料?

生物材料是生物基塑料和生物降解塑料的統稱。

( a)生物基塑料:即來源于可再生資源的塑料,與傳統塑料不同,生物基聚合物來源于可再生資源,例如:糖、淀粉、植物油、纖維素等。其中,玉米、甘蔗、谷物、木材是使用最普遍的原料。

(b)生物降解塑料:在自然界和土壤、沙士等條件下,或堆肥條件下、厭氧消化條件下、水性培植液中等,由自然界存在的微生物作用引起降解,并最終完成降解變成二氧化碳、水及其所含元素的礦化無機鹽以及新的生物質的塑料。

Bioplastics is a general term for biobased plastic and biodegradable plastic.

(a) Biobased plastic: Unlike traditional plastic, biobased plastic is derived from renewable resources, such as sugar, starch,vegetable oil, cellulose, etc. Among them, cor, sugarcane, grain and wood are the most common raw materials.

(b) Biodegradable plastic: Either under the conditions of nature, soil, sand, etc or the conditions of compost, anaerobic digestion, water-based culture medium, etc, microorganism from nature functions and causes the biodegradation. When the biodegradation is finished finally, it tums into carbon dioxide, water, elements-contained mineralized inoganic salt and new biobased plastics.


生物降解塑料一一可生物降解、可堆肥 Biodegradable plastic一biodegradable & compostable



普通的塑料袋需要將垃圾袋與廚余垃圾進行分開后才能對廚余垃圾進行堆肥,而采用“盡力” 全降解垃圾袋則不需要分開,省去了人工操作。

堆肥將廢物轉化成了一種寶貴的資源,可幫助提高土壤質量、減少耕地損失。

生物有機肥與化肥相比:

①生物有機肥營養元素齊全;化肥營養元素只有一種或幾種;

②生物有機肥能夠改良土壤;化肥經常使用會造成土壤板結;

③生物有機肥能提高產品品質;化肥施用過多導致產品品質低劣;

④生物有機肥能改善作物根際微生物群,提高植物的抗病蟲能力;化肥則使作物微生物群體單一,易發生病蟲害;

⑤生物有機肥能促進化肥的利用,提高化肥利用率;化肥單獨使用易造成養分的固定和流失。

Ordinary plastic need to separate garbage bag and kitchen waste for composting kitchen wastes, but using “JINLI”100% biodegradable

garbage bags do not need to separate, eliminating manual operation.

Composting makes the waste to be a valuable resource that can help improve the soil quality and reduce the loss of arable land.

Compared to the bio-organic manure and chemical fertilizer:

①bio-organic fertilizer nutrient elements is complete; only one or several of the fertilizer nutrient elements;

②bio-organic fertilizer to improve soil; fertilizer frequently used can cause soil compaction;

③biological organic fertilizer to improve product quality; fertilizer overuse lead to poor product quality;

④bio-organic fertilizer to improve crop rhizosphere microorganisms, plants resistant to insect pests; fertilizer to make a single crop microbial

populations prone to pests and diseases;

⑤bio-organic fertilizer to promote the use of chemical fertilizers, fertilizer utilization; fertilizer alone could easily lead to the fixed and the loss

of nutrients.

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